Ciência habilitada por dados de espécimes

Ma, C.-S., Zhang, W., Peng, Y., Zhao, F., Chang, X.-Q., Xing, K., … Rudolf, V. H. W. (2021). Climate warming promotes pesticide resistance through expanding overwintering range of a global pest. Nature Communications, 12(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-021-25505-7 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25505-7

Climate change has the potential to change the distribution of pests globally and their resistance to pesticides, thereby threatening global food security in the 21st century. However, predicting where these changes occur and how they will influence current pest control efforts is a challenge. Using…

Bontrager, M., Usui, T., Lee‐Yaw, J. A., Anstett, D. N., Branch, H. A., Hargreaves, A. L., … Angert, A. L. (2021). Adaptation across geographic ranges is consistent with strong selection in marginal climates and legacies of range expansion. Evolution. doi:10.1111/evo.14231 https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14231

Every species experiences limits to its geographic distribution. Some evolutionary models predict that populations at range edges are less well‐adapted to their local environments due to drift, expansion load, or swamping gene flow from the range interior. Alternatively, populations near range edges…

Chauvel, B., Fried, G., Follak, S., Chapman, D., Kulakova, Y., Le Bourgeois, T., … Regnier, E. (2021). Monographs on invasive plants in Europe N° 5: Ambrosia trifida L. Botany Letters, 1–24. doi:10.1080/23818107.2021.1879674 https://doi.org/10.1080/23818107.2021.1879674

Ambrosia trifida L. (giant ragweed, Asteraceae) is native to the North American continent and was introduced into Europe and Asia at the end of the 19th century. In its native range, this tall annual species is common in riparian and ruderal habitats and is also a major weed in annual cropping syste…

Allstädt, F. J., Koutsodendris, A., Appel, E., Rösler, W., Reichgelt, T., Kaboth-Bahr, S., … Pross, J. (2021). Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene climate dynamics in western North America based on a new pollen record from paleo-Lake Idaho. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments. doi:10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1

Marked by the expansion of ice sheets in the high latitudes, the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation across the Plio/Pleistocene transition at ~ 2.7 Ma represents a critical interval of late Neogene climate evolution. To date, the characteristics of climate change in North America duri…

Brendel, M. R., Schurr, F. M., & Sheppard, C. S. (2020). Inter‐ and intraspecific selection in alien plants: How population growth, functional traits and climate responses change with residence time. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13228 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13228

Aim: When alien species are introduced to new ranges, climate or trait mismatches may initially constrain their population growth. However, inter‐ and intraspecific selection in the new environment should cause population growth rates to increase with residence time. Using a species‐for‐time approac…

Afonin, A. N., Baranova, O. G., & Fedorova, Y. A. (2020). Northern border of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. distribution in Canada in relation to the establishing of its environmental limits. Vestnik Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Biologiya, (50), 28–51. doi:10.17223/19988591/50/2 https://doi.org/10.17223/19988591/50/2

Проведен эколого-географический анализ встречаемости амброзии полыннолистной (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) на северном пределе ее распространения в Канаде. В качестве ведущего фактора, лимитирующего распространение вида на север, выступает недостаточная теплообеспеченность периода созревания семян. С…

Li, K., Wang, J., Qiao, L., Zheng, R., Ma, Y., Chen, Y., … Liu, H. (2020). Diversity of Reproductive Phenology Among Subtropical Grasses Is Constrained by Evolution and Climatic Niche. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8. doi:10.3389/fevo.2020.00181 https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2020.00181

Reproductive phenology is sensitive to climatic changes and is associated with species functional types, distribution ranges, and their corresponding climatic niches. Phylogenetic niche conservatism in reproductive phenology also constrains its diversity and the distribution of species. Therefore, w…

Speed, J. D. M., Austrheim, G., Bendiksby, M., Kolstad, A. L., & Vuorinen, K. E. M. (2020). Increasing Cervidae populations have variable impacts on habitat suitability for threatened forest plant and lichen species. Forest Ecology and Management, 473, 118286. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118286 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118286

Large herbivores play a key role in temperate and boreal forest ecosystems. Cervidae (deer) population densities and community structure have undergone drastic changes in many parts of the world over the past decades, often with deer populations increasing. Many studies show impacts of Cervidae on m…

Adhikari, S., Burke, I. C., & Eigenbrode, S. D. (2020). Mayweed chamomile ( Anthemis cotula L.) biology and management—A review of an emerging global invader. Weed Research. doi:10.1111/wre.12426 https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12426

The globally invasive weed, mayweed chamomile (Anthemis cotula L.) is an annual, bushy, ill‐scented herb, originating in Eurasia. It is aggressively weedy in croplands, field‐side ditches, wet areas and along roadsides, especially in slightly acidic, nitrogen‐rich, clay‐loam soils. In addition to in…

Jahanshiri, E., Mohd Nizar, N. M., Tengku Mohd Suhairi, T. A. S., Gregory, P. J., Mohamed, A. S., Wimalasiri, E. M., & Azam-Ali, S. N. (2020). A Land Evaluation Framework for Agricultural Diversification. Sustainability, 12(8), 3110. doi:10.3390/su12083110 https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083110

Shortlisting ecologically adaptable plant species can be a starting point for agricultural diversification projects. We propose a rapid assessment framework based on an ecological model that can accelerate the evaluation of options for sustainable crop diversification. To test the new model, expert-…