Ciência habilitada por dados de espécimes

Onditi, K. O., X. Li, W. Song, Q. Li, S. Musila, J. Mathenge, E. Kioko, and X. Jiang. 2021. The management effectiveness of protected areas in Kenya. Biodiversity and Conservation 30: 3813–3836. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-021-02276-7

Merely designating new and/or expanding existing protected areas (PAs) does not guarantee the protection of critical ecosystems and species. The management of PAs must be effective to sustain meaningful conservational outcomes. We inferred the management effectiveness of PAs in Kenya based on the re…

McGowan, N. E., N. Roche, T. Aughney, J. Flanagan, P. Nolan, F. Marnell, and N. Reid. 2021. Testing consistency of modelled predictions of the impact of climate change on bats. Climate Change Ecology 2: 100011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecochg.2021.100011

Species Distribution Models (SDMs) are a cornerstone of climate change conservation research but temporal extrapolations into future climate scenarios cannot be verified until later this century. One way of assessing the robustness of projections is to compare their consistency between different mod…

Miller, E. F., R. E. Green, A. Balmford, P. Maisano Delser, R. Beyer, M. Somveille, M. Leonardi, et al. 2021. Bayesian Skyline Plots disagree with range size changes based on Species Distribution Models for Holarctic birds. Molecular Ecology 30: 3993–4004. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16032

During the Quaternary, large climate oscillations impacted the distribution and demography of species globally. Two approaches have played a major role in reconstructing changes through time: Bayesian Skyline Plots (BSPs), which reconstruct population fluctuations based on genetic data, and Species …

Salinas-Ramos, V. B., L. Ancillotto, L. Cistrone, C. Nastasi, L. Bosso, S. Smeraldo, V. Sánchez Cordero, and D. Russo. 2021. Artificial illumination influences niche segregation in bats. Environmental Pollution 284: 117187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117187

Artificial light at night (ALAN) is a pervasive form of pollution largely affecting wildlife, from individual behaviour to community structure and dynamics. As nocturnal mammals, bats are often adversely affected by ALAN, yet some “light-opportunistic” species exploit it by hunting insects swarming …

Wieringa, J. G., B. C. Carstens, and H. L. Gibbs. 2021. Predicting migration routes for three species of migratory bats using species distribution models. PeerJ 9: e11177. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.11177

Understanding seasonal variation in the distribution and movement patterns of migratory species is essential to monitoring and conservation efforts. While there are many species of migratory bats in North America, little is known about their seasonal movements. In terms of conservation, this is impo…

Basinski, A. J., E. Fichet-Calvet, A. R. Sjodin, T. J. Varrelman, C. H. Remien, N. C. Layman, B. H. Bird, et al. 2021. Bridging the gap: Using reservoir ecology and human serosurveys to estimate Lassa virus spillover in West Africa A. Wesolowski [ed.],. PLOS Computational Biology 17: e1008811. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008811

Forecasting the risk of pathogen spillover from reservoir populations of wild or domestic animals is essential for the effective deployment of interventions such as wildlife vaccination or culling. Due to the sporadic nature of spillover events and limited availability of data, developing and valida…

Smeraldo, S., L. Bosso, V. B. Salinas‐Ramos, L. Ancillotto, V. Sánchez‐Cordero, S. Gazaryan, and D. Russo. 2021. Generalists yet different: distributional responses to climate change may vary in opportunistic bat species sharing similar ecological traits. Mammal Review 51: 571–584. https://doi.org/10.1111/mam.12247

Climate change is among the key anthropogenic factors affecting species’ distribution, with important consequences for conservation. However, little is known concerning the consequences of distributional changes on community‐level interactions, and responses by generalist species might have many eco…

Cruz, J. A., J. L. Prado, and J. Arroyo-Cabrales. 2021. The mutual ecogeographical range and paleoclimatic reconstruction during the Late Pleistocene-Holocene in the Pampas (Argentina) using meso and microvertebrate fossils. The Holocene 31: 983–992. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683621994652

The Pampas of Argentina is a large grassland ecosystem located in the oriental region southern of South America. As a study case, we present the results of the paleoclimatic analysis of the Tixi Cave site. This is a paleontological and archeological locality that shows a long chronologic sequence, w…

Ellestad, P., F. Forest, M. Serpe, S. J. Novak, and S. Buerki. 2021. Harnessing large-scale biodiversity data to infer the current distribution of Vanilla planifolia (Orchidaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 196: 407–422. https://doi.org/10.1093/botlinnean/boab005

Although vanilla is one of the most popular flavours in the world, there is still uncertainty concerning the native distribution of the species that produces it, Vanilla planifolia. To circumscribe the native geographical extent of this economically important species more precisely, we propose a new…

Meeussen, S., and A. Hof. 2021. Predicted Future Benefits for an Endemic Rodent in the Irano-Turanian Region. Climate 9: 16. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9010016

Climate change is expected to have an impact on the geographical distribution ranges of species. Endemic species and those with a restricted geographic range may be especially vulnerable. The Persian jird (Meriones persicus) is an endemic rodent inhabiting the mountainous areas of the Irano-Turanian…