Ciência habilitada por dados de espécimes

Allen, K. E., Tapondjou, W. P., Freeman, B., Cooper, J. C., Brown, R. M., & Peterson, A. T. (2021). Modelling potential Pleistocene habitat corridors between Afromontane forest regions. Biodiversity and Conservation, 30(8-9), 2361–2375. doi:10.1007/s10531-021-02198-4 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-021-02198-4

The unusually high floral and faunal similarity between the different regions of the Afromontane archipelago has been noted by biogeographers since the late 1800s. A possible explanation for this similarity is the spread of montane habitat into the intervening lowlands during the glacial periods of …

Kriticos, D. J., Ireland, K. B., Morin, L., Kumaran, N., Rafter, M. A., Ota, N., & Raghu, S. (2021). Integrating ecoclimatic niche modelling methods into classical biological control programmes. Biological Control, 160, 104667. doi:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2021.104667 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2021.104667

Much of the success of a classical biological control programme hinges on identifying effective candidate agents, and once approved for release deploying them in the range invaded by the target organism at site-specific times of the year when they have the best chance of establishing. While suitable…

Mazijk, R., Cramer, M. D., & Verboom, G. A. (2021). Environmental heterogeneity explains contrasting plant species richness between the South African Cape and southwestern Australia. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14118 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14118

Aim: Given the importance of environmental heterogeneity as a driver of species richness through its effects on species diversification and coexistence, we asked whether the dramatic difference in species richness per unit area between two similar Mediterranean‐type biodiversity hotspots is explaine…

Iannella, M., D’Alessandro, P., De Simone, W., & Biondi, M. (2021). Habitat Specificity, Host Plants and Areas of Endemism for the Genera-Group Blepharida s.l. in the Afrotropical Region (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Galerucinae, Alticini). Insects, 12(4), 299. doi:10.3390/insects12040299 https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12040299

The genus Calotheca Heyden (Chrysomelidae) is mainly distributed in the eastern and southern parts of sub-Saharan Africa, with some extensions northward, while Blepharidina Bechyné occurs in the intertropical zone of Africa, with two subgenera, Blepharidina s. str. and Blepharidina(Afroblepharida) B…

Tribble, C. M., Martínez‐Gómez, J., Howard, C. C., Males, J., Sosa, V., Sessa, E. B., … Specht, C. D. (2021). Get the shovel: morphological and evolutionary complexities of belowground organs in geophytes. American Journal of Botany. doi:10.1002/ajb2.1623 https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1623

Herbaceous plants collectively known as geophytes, which regrow from belowground buds, are distributed around the globe and throughout the land plant tree of life. The geophytic habit is an evolutionarily and ecologically important growth form in plants, permitting novel life history strategies, ena…

Saldaña‐López, A., Vilà, M., Lloret, F., Manuel Herrera, J., & González‐Moreno, P. (2021). Assembly of species’ climatic niches of coastal communities does not shift after invasion. Journal of Vegetation Science, 32(2). doi:10.1111/jvs.12989 https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12989

Question: Do invasions by invasive plant species with contrasting trait profiles (Arctotheca calendula, Carpobrotus spp., Conyza bonariensis, and Opuntia dillenii) change the climatic niche of coastal plant communities? Location: Atlantic coastal habitats in Huelva (Spain). Methods: We identifi…

Pérez‐Navarro, M. Á., Serra‐Diaz, J. M., Svenning, J., Esteve‐Selma, M. Á., Hernández‐Bastida, J., & Lloret, F. (2021). Extreme drought reduces climatic disequilibrium in dryland plant communities. Oikos. doi:10.1111/oik.07882 https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.07882

High rates of climate change are currently exceeding many plant species' capacity to keep up with climate, leading to mismatches between climatic conditions and climatic preferences of the species present in a community. This disequilibrium between climate and community composition could diminish, h…

Allstädt, F. J., Koutsodendris, A., Appel, E., Rösler, W., Reichgelt, T., Kaboth-Bahr, S., … Pross, J. (2021). Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene climate dynamics in western North America based on a new pollen record from paleo-Lake Idaho. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments. doi:10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1

Marked by the expansion of ice sheets in the high latitudes, the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation across the Plio/Pleistocene transition at ~ 2.7 Ma represents a critical interval of late Neogene climate evolution. To date, the characteristics of climate change in North America duri…

Canavan, S., Richardson, D. M., Le Roux, J. J., Kelchner, S. A., & Wilson, J. R. U. (2021). The status of alien bamboos in South Africa. South African Journal of Botany, 138, 33–40. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2020.11.027 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2020.11.027

The growing interest in commercial cultivation of bamboos (Poaceae subfamily Bambusoideae) has led to the introduction of new alien species into South Africa. The rate at which bamboos are being planted in South Africa is a cause for concern because of the impacts of bamboo invasions in other parts …

Brendel, M. R., Schurr, F. M., & Sheppard, C. S. (2020). Inter‐ and intraspecific selection in alien plants: How population growth, functional traits and climate responses change with residence time. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13228 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13228

Aim: When alien species are introduced to new ranges, climate or trait mismatches may initially constrain their population growth. However, inter‐ and intraspecific selection in the new environment should cause population growth rates to increase with residence time. Using a species‐for‐time approac…