Ciência habilitada por dados de espécimes

Montti, L., Velazco, S. J. E., Travis, J. M. J., & Grau, H. R. (2021). Predicting current and future global distribution of invasive Ligustrum lucidum W.T. Aiton: Assessing emerging risks to biodiversity hotspots. Diversity and Distributions. doi:10.1111/ddi.13303 https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13303

Aim: Biological invasions represent one of the main anthropogenic drivers of global change with a substantial impact on biodiversity. This impact can be particularly acute in biodiversity hotspots. Ligustrum lucidum W.T. Aiton is a tree species native of China that, from as early as the eighteenth c…

Kriticos, D. J., Ireland, K. B., Morin, L., Kumaran, N., Rafter, M. A., Ota, N., & Raghu, S. (2021). Integrating ecoclimatic niche modelling methods into classical biological control programmes. Biological Control, 160, 104667. doi:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2021.104667 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2021.104667

Much of the success of a classical biological control programme hinges on identifying effective candidate agents, and once approved for release deploying them in the range invaded by the target organism at site-specific times of the year when they have the best chance of establishing. While suitable…

Masanga, J., Mwangi, B. N., Kibet, W., Sagero, P., Wamalwa, M., Oduor, R., … Runo, S. (2021). Physiological and ecological warnings that dodders pose an exigent threat to farmlands in Eastern Africa. Plant Physiology, 185(4), 1457–1467. doi:10.1093/plphys/kiab034 https://doi.org/10.1093/plphys/kiab034

Invasive holoparasitic plants of the genus Cuscuta (dodder) threaten African ecosystems due to their rapid spread and attack on various host plant species. Most Cuscuta species cannot photosynthesize and hence rely on host plants for nourishment. After attachment through a peg-like organ called a ha…

Gamisch, A., Winter, K., Fischer, G. A., & Comes, H. P. (2021). Evolution of Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) as an escape from ecological niche conservatism in Malagasy Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae). New Phytologist. doi:10.1111/nph.17437 https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.17437

Despite growing evidence that niche shifts are more common in flowering plants than previously thought, little is known whether such shifts are promoted by changes in photosynthetic pathways. Here we combine the most complete phylogeny for epiphytic Malagasy Bulbophyllum orchids (c. 210 spp.) with c…

Jin, W.-T., Gernandt, D. S., Wehenkel, C., Xia, X.-M., Wei, X.-X., & Wang, X.-Q. (2021). Phylogenomic and ecological analyses reveal the spatiotemporal evolution of global pines. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(20), e2022302118. doi:10.1073/pnas.2022302118 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2022302118

How coniferous forests evolved in the Northern Hemisphere remains largely unknown. Unlike most groups of organisms that generally follow a latitudinal diversity gradient, most conifer species in the Northern Hemisphere are distributed in mountainous areas at middle latitudes. It is of great interest…

Bontrager, M., Usui, T., Lee‐Yaw, J. A., Anstett, D. N., Branch, H. A., Hargreaves, A. L., … Angert, A. L. (2021). Adaptation across geographic ranges is consistent with strong selection in marginal climates and legacies of range expansion. Evolution. doi:10.1111/evo.14231 https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14231

Every species experiences limits to its geographic distribution. Some evolutionary models predict that populations at range edges are less well‐adapted to their local environments due to drift, expansion load, or swamping gene flow from the range interior. Alternatively, populations near range edges…

Mazijk, R., Cramer, M. D., & Verboom, G. A. (2021). Environmental heterogeneity explains contrasting plant species richness between the South African Cape and southwestern Australia. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14118 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14118

Aim: Given the importance of environmental heterogeneity as a driver of species richness through its effects on species diversification and coexistence, we asked whether the dramatic difference in species richness per unit area between two similar Mediterranean‐type biodiversity hotspots is explaine…

Diao, Y., Wang, J., Yang, F., Wu, W., Zhou, J., & Wu, R. (2021). Identifying optimized on-the-ground priority areas for species conservation in a global biodiversity hotspot. Journal of Environmental Management, 290, 112630. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112630 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112630

Threatened species are inadequately represented within protected areas (PAs) across the globe. Species conservation planning may be improved by using public species-occurrence databases, but empirical evidence is limited of how that may be accomplished at local scales. We used the Three Parallel Riv…

Zhang, Y., Chen, J., & Sun, H. (2021). Alpine speciation and morphological innovations: revelations from a species-rich genus in the Northern Hemisphere. AoB PLANTS. doi:10.1093/aobpla/plab018 https://doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plab018

Background and Aims A large number of studies have attempted to determine the mechanisms driving plant diversity and distribution on a global scale, but the diverse and endemic alpine herbs found in harsh environments, showing adaptive evolution, require more studies. Methods Here, we selected 466 s…

Kumar, D., Rawat, S., & Joshi, R. (2021). Predicting the current and future suitable habitat distribution of the medicinal tree Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz in India. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 100309. doi:10.1016/j.jarmap.2021.100309 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmap.2021.100309

Identifying the distributional range and climatically suitable habitat of a species are crucial for developing an effective conservation strategy. This study aims to simulate the current distribution of climatically suitable habitat for a threatened medicinal tree, Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz in Indi…